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Wig Construction Information
From Headcovers UnlimitedTM

This guide is meant to educate you, the consumer, on the different types of wig construction. Each type of wig will have different features, and it is important to understand some basics in order to make an informed purchasing decision.

The cap of the wig is the base or skeleton of the wig. It gives the wig its shape and a base to attach the hair to. Here are the basic parts of a wig.

There are three basic types of cap construction:
Regular Cap - There are no open areas in the cap material.
Capless - 20% to 75% of the cap is open. This makes the cap lighter and cooler to wear. It has more elastic for a comfortable fit.
Full Capless - More than 90% of the cap is open, for the ultimate in weaving.
Artificial Scalp Tops

TSome wigs have artificial scalp tops to create a more natural look, and to allow more styling versatility. Hair on the artificial scalp comes out vertically, the same as natural hair growth, so the hair can be easily parted anywhere without seeing any of the cap material underneath. Artificial scalps come in a variety of types and sizes.

  • There are three types of artificial scalp tops.
  • 1. Skin Top - A group of 10 to 15 hair fibers are machine implanted into an artificial plastic scalp base simulating natural scalp hair growth. This skin top is then strategically attached to the wig cap to give it a natural looking part that can be brushed in any direction.

    2. V-Knot Skin Top - A better version of the skin top. Finer groups of 2 to 4 hair fibers are randomly hand implanted into and out of an artificial scalp base. V-Knotting rectifies the corn row look of regular skin tops.

    3. Monofilament Top - The best simulation of natural scalp hair growth. Fine groups of 2 to 4 hair fibers are hand tied on to a fine see through mesh that allows both light and air to pass through. This allows the most comfortable and natural look.

  • There are four sizes of artificial scalps, as shown by the diagram below.
  • What is Hand Tying? - Hand tying is the tedious process of manually knotting individual hair fibers onto the cap for a more natural look. This is usually done on parted areas and on the edge of the cap in order to hide cap material when the hair is pulled back.

    Now, one might ask, after reading all of this material: What type of wig is the most natural looking? - In a nutshell, monofilament wigs are your best option for the most natural looking appearance.

    The information on this page was adapted from copyrighted material by Oradell International. All drawings are the intellectual property of Oradell International. All Rights Reserved.